Core Training of Phlebotomy Classes


Healthcare workers who draw blood from patients are known as phlebotomists and have acquired this important skill through phlebotomy classes. Phlebotomy is the name given to the science of drawing blood from the human body. Today, specialists in this field are employed by hospitals and outpatient clinics to do this critical function. Blood drawn is used by doctors to diagnose for other diseases, transfusions, donations, and a variety of other applications. If this is a career that interests you, get started by enrolling in a phlebotomy training program. A good training program will cover general medical skills in addition to teaching the core technical skill set required for the profession.

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Phlebotomy Classes

Typical Curriculum Subjects

While different curriculums of phlebotomy classes vary in some details, they all have mostly the same objectives. First, the programs want to teach students in general medical worker skills and then in the core subjects of their profession. In other words, students learn to function in a medical environment with skills common to all healthcare professionals. Then, they learn the meat of their specialty which is phlebotomy.

General Medical Core

The general core of phlebotomy training teaches students skills common to all medical professionals in a clinical, hospital, or other medical environment. These are classes such as medical terminology, computer skills, communication, and patient relations. The specific program that you choose may have more topics but these are some of the common ones.

Medical terminology is a must-have class for anyone in or associated with the business of health care. For example, even health insurance professionals need to be familiar with medical terminology in order to price and reimburse doctors for services performed.

Learning medical terminology facilitates communication between other healthcare professionals and classes in patient relations and communications do the same but for those who will be served by the phlebotomist. These general phlebotomy classes are also taught on topics such as patient identification, explanation of blood drawing actions to patients, ethics, and documentation of blood draws.

Skill Specific Core

The other major component taught in these training programs relates to the technical education of the skill itself. Many topics are covered related to the drawing of blood and handling of samples once obtained.

In phlebotomy classes, you are taught that before blood can be drawn proper preparation must take place. As part of the curriculum, students are taught how to choose the right equipment and prepare the location for the blood draw. Preparation for the blood draw would be related to disinfecting the area to prevent infection.

Drawing blood cannot be accomplished unless a suitable vein is first located. These courses will teach students how to do this with a target goal of 100% accuracy. A standard such as this prevents the unnecessary discomfort to patients when a phlebotomist “gets it wrong.” Thus, students are taught the circulatory system and will have a thorough understanding of it when completing the course and clinical sessions.

Phlebotomy classes will also include how to handle blood drawing problems such as when patients have edema, a vein cannot be found, or when the patient refuses to be drawn. A typical situation where a patient might refuse to be drawn would be when a blood alcohol sample is required as part of a driving while intoxicated investigation.

The training also teaches students how to handle a sample once it is drawn. This includes routing the sample to the end user which could be entities such as a doctor, employer, or law officer.

There are many other topics covered in phlebotomy classes. Total course lengths vary depending on the school and requirements of the local authority. For example, states in the U.S. such as California have different requirements than others therefore a school there may cover some additional topics. You should always research the details of any training program that you enroll in and see that it covers both the general and technical topics in the phlebotomy classes that a technician must master to be successful in this field.